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According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, cataracts affect approximately 25 million Americans age 40 and older, and by age 75, nearly half of all Americans will have cataracts.

Cataracts will progressively worsen over time, so it’s crucial to understand what cataracts are and educate yourself about the stages of progression.

Truly understanding will help you treat symptoms early and help slow the progression of cataracts.

What is a Cataract?

As we age, the natural lenses of the eye begin to harden and yellow, becoming cloudy. This now opaque area over the lens is called a cataract. Cataracts will prevent light rays from passing through the lens, which makes it difficult to see.

Cataracts range in terms of severity, and the correct treatment depends on the degree of advancement and type of cataracts you have. Some of the symptoms that accompany cataracts include the following:

  • Clouded, blurred or dim vision.
  • Poor night vision.
  • Sensitivity to light and glare.
  • Need for brighter light for reading and other activities.
  • Seeing “halos” around lights.
  • Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription.
  • Fading or yellowing of colors.
  • Double vision in a single eye.

Keep reading for more details about the main warning signs and symptoms.

Cloudy vision.

One of the most apparent signs of early-stage cataracts is the appearance of noticeable fuzzy spots in your field of vision. These spots typically start as relatively small abnormalities, but over time they will worsen, making daily activities harder than before.

If you experience sudden and continual cloudy vision, make an appointment with an eye doctor as soon as possible.

Increased light sensitivity.

For people with emerging cataracts issues, discomfort with bright lights will become increasingly noticeable and challenging.

Consult your doctor if bright lights cause you to squint or close your eyes, or if you develop sudden headaches from bright light.

Difficulty seeing at night.

Patients with the beginning stages of cataracts also report a gradual decline in nighttime vision. Cataracts often cause vision to darken or dim and may also lead to slight hints of a brown or yellowish color.

These early changes are not usually noticeable during the day when there’s plenty of light to compensate for dimming vision but will be instantly noticeable at night.

The appearance of halos and glare.

As the eye lens hardens and becomes cloudy, cataracts sufferers may notice halos and glare in their field of vision. Light passing through cataracts is diffused, causing glare and halos around bright sources of light.

Seeing double.

Diffraction from the lens clouding in a cataract can actually lead you to see two or more images of a single object. Which is not only bothersome but can impair vision.

[If you think cataract surgery is for you, click this link for the next steps in the process!]

Eye exam results.

In the earliest stages of cataracts, a person may have difficulty noticing changes to their vision. That’s why regular eye examinations are strongly recommended for older adults. Ophthalmologists can detect the presence of cataracts before sufferers report any noticeable vision problems.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms be sure to make an appointment with an eye doctor right away. Be sure to keep in mind that cataracts will cause significant changes in vision and it’s important to get a handle on it as soon as possible.

Know that you don’t have to continue suffering from cataracts, complete our simple online contact form today and let’s get you scheduled for an evaluation.

Eye Care Treatments

A routine eye exam, performed by a primary eye care doctor, will reveal if a cataract is present. The primary eye care doctor can refer you to Dr. Harris for a comprehensive cataract evaluation at which time she will offer her expert opinion for treatment options.

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